Honor Related Violence (Iraq)
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Statistics on Honor Related Violence and Killings
Dr Talal Alrubaie, Center For Women's Equality, December 11, 2008
Patrick Cockburn, The Independent, May 17, 2008
Dawn, November 27, 2007
Soran Bahadin, Kurd Net, October 9, 2010
Diana Y Vitoshka, University of California, 2010
Iraqi Penal Code
. . .
Article 409 reduces a murder sentence to a maximum of three years if a man “surprises his wife or one of his female dependents (who is) in a state of adultery or finds her in bed with a partner and kills her immediately, or kills one of them”.Families can cover up the crimes and courts may turn a blind eye. Political party allies among the authorities can help provide false testimony or witnesses.
Shwbo Rauf Ali, beaten, stoned, & shot, May 2007
The family summoned her husband back: not for the sake of discussion or to save the relationship, but to commit bloody murder and so cleanse family honour. On the twelfth of May, Shwbo was lured to a local beauty spot, Lake Dokan, where she was murdered in the presence her husband, three of his brothers, his parents, his sister and her husband. She was beaten by her assailants, who broke her hands to remove her bracelets and ripped her earrings from her earlobes. Shwbo was mother to a nine month old baby girl who went missing at the same time; it is suspected that the helpless infant was drowned in the lake.Her body was discovered on the thirteenth in the village of Bestana, in the Koia region by police and members of her family. The police describe the attack as extremely brutal saying that there were seven bullets in her body which was also severely bruised by being pelted with stones.
IKWRO, May 24, 2007
Two teenage girls, doused with boiling water and shot to death, 2008
He said he killed them to defend his honor.Murder in Iraq can carry a death sentence but under laws that activists say are far too lenient for so-called “honor killings”, the father was jailed for just two years. Medical examinations showed the girls were virgins.
Teenage girl, doused with boiling water and shot in the eye, 2008
He said he killed them to defend his honor.
. . .
The deaths near Kirkuk in 2008 were documented by Amal in Kirkuk for a report by Chicago’s DePaul University. The third daughter lost an eye and suffered a severe mental disability.
Jihan Sideeq, shot 20 times, June 16, 2010
“We had settled the dispute between both of the families. I don’t know why her family killed her,” her husband, Jaleel Mustafa, 38, told Rudaw this week.
Jihan Sideeq, 28, was cleaning in the family home in Suayfa village, Gwer district, when four of her relatives entered the house and shot her 20 times.
. . .
Jaleel said he had asked for Jihan’s hand three times and had sent many people to her family to ask for the marriage to be approved, but still her family would not allow Jihan to marry Jaleel. They married without family consent and Jihan didn’t see her parents again but had been in contact via telephone, according to Jaleel.
After some time, both families reconciled when Jaleel paid $5,000 to Jihan’s family. It was also agreed that Jihan’s brother would marry Jaleel’s sister.
“We were planning to arrange my sister’s marriage with Jihan’s brother in September. Jihan’s family agreed to the money but did not take it. They were saying let the money to stay with you. We will take it when we arrange the marriage between your sister and our son. My sister was also agreeing to the marriage,” said Jaleel.
Jaleel’s family live in Khebat district, 36 km west of Erbil, but do their farming in Gwer located 20 Km away from Khebat. On the day Jihan was killed, Jaleel was not home. He had gone to get his Peshmarga salary.
Wayda, Jaleel’s first wife, said, “We were just coming back from our farms. I was busy with the kids. Jihan was preoccupied with preparing lunch.”All of a sudden Wayda heard a series of gun shots. She ran outside and saw Jihan laying on the floor. “I saw four men running; one of them was Jihan’s paternal uncle and two more were his sons. I also saw, Akram,www.ekurd.netanother cousin of Jihan. When I got to Jihan, she was not dead yet. I asked her who did this to you? She said something but I did not understand what she was saying”.
Soran Bahadin, Kurd Net, July 5, 2010
Shawbo Abdul-Razaq, Shot to death, October 2010
Shawbo was murdered in Qatewi, a rural neighborhood in the capital of the federal region of Kurdistan in the north of Iraq. The murderer has run away.
Such a killing is often labeled as an extreme case of “honor killing”. Honor killing is about killing a woman for having alleged pre-marriage sexual relations or extra-sexual relations with other men in addition to her husband.
While widely perceived as a cultural phenomenon here in the Kurdish society, many people blame religious men for putting a blind eye on it or even justify it.Hassan Yusuf, a post-graduate student studying sociology at the University of Salahaddin, says that there is a lack of religious support to combat violence against women the region.
Soran Bahadin, Kurd Net, October 9, 2010